In this article, you will learn how to use the Ruby encode! method.
Using the encode! Method
The encode! method in Ruby is a powerful tool used to encode strings into different character sets or formats. It modifies the original string in place and returns the encoded string.
The basic syntax for using encode! is as follows:
Here, encoding refers to the target encoding that you want to use for the string. For example, you can use the UTF-8 encoding to convert the string to the Unicode character set.
The options parameter is an optional hash that allows you to specify additional options for the encoding process. Some of the most commonly used options include:
:invalid: Specifies the action to take if an invalid character is encountered during encoding. You can set this to :replace to replace the invalid character with a replacement string, or :ignore to ignore the invalid character and continue encoding.
:undef: Specifies the action to take if an undefined character is encountered during encoding. You can set this to :replace to replace the undefined character with a replacement string, or :ignore to ignore the undefined character and continue encoding.
:replace: Specifies the string to use as a replacement for invalid or undefined characters.
For example, to encode a string into UTF-8 format, you can use the following code:
str = "Hello, world!" str.encode!("UTF-8")
This code modifies the str variable in place, converting it to the UTF-8 character set.
If you want to replace any invalid or undefined characters with a specific replacement string, you can use the :replace option:
str = "Hello, world! 🌍" str.encode!("UTF-8", invalid: :replace, undef: :replace, replace: "?")
In this example, any invalid or undefined characters are replaced with a question mark character.
You can also use encode! to convert a string to a different character set, such as ASCII or ISO-8859-1. For example:
str = "こんにちは" str.encode!("ISO-8859-1")
In this example, the string is converted from UTF-8 to the ISO-8859-1 character set.