In this article, you will learn how to use the Ruby to_f method.
Using the to_f method
The to_f method in Ruby is used to convert a string or integer to a floating-point number. This method returns a floating-point representation of the given object.
The to_f method can be used with both integers and strings. If it is called on an integer, it will convert the integer to a floating-point number. If it is called on a string, it will attempt to convert the string to a floating-point number. If the string contains any non-numeric characters, the method will return 0.0.
Here are a few examples of how to use the to_f method:
Using to_f with an integer
num = 5 float_num = num.to_f puts float_num #=> 5.0
Using to_f with a string
num_string = "3.14" float_num = num_string.to_f puts float_num #=> 3.14
Using to_f with a non-numeric string
non_num_string = "hello" float_num = non_num_string.to_f puts float_num #=> 0.0
It is important to note that the to_f method does not modify the original object. Instead, it returns a new object that represents the floating-point value of the original object.
In addition to to_f, there are other methods in Ruby that can be used to convert strings and integers to other data types, such as to_i for converting to an integer and to_s for converting to a string.