How to Scrape Websites with PhantomJS in Python
In this article, you will learn how to scrape websites with PhantomJS in Python.
How to Scrape Websites with PhantomJS
PhantomJS is a headless browser that can be used for web scraping. Here’s a simple example of how to scrape a website using PhantomJS in Python:
Install the necessary libraries:
pip install selenium
You can download the PhantomJS executable from the official website:http://phantomjs.org/download.html
Once downloaded, extract the contents of the archive to a directory of your choice.
Import the necessary libraries and start a PhantomJS session:
from selenium import webdriver # Start a PhantomJS session driver = webdriver.PhantomJS('/path/to/phantomjs')
Replace “/path/to/phantomjs” with the actual path to the PhantomJS executable on your system.
Navigate to the website you want to scrape:
# Navigate to the website driver.get('https://www.example.com')
Extract the data from the website:
You can use the find_element_by_* methods to locate elements on the page, and the get_attribute method to extract attributes such as text or links:
# Find an element and extract its text element = driver.find_element_by_css_selector('#my-element') print(element.text) # Find a link and extract its URL link = driver.find_element_by_css_selector('#my-link') print(link.get_attribute('href'))
Close the PhantomJS session:
# Close the PhantomJS session driver.quit()