# Generate a Random Number with JavaScript

Contents

In this article, I will introduce how to generate a random number with JavaScript.

## What is a random number?

A random number is a number that is not regular.

A typical example of a random number is a roll of dice.

If you roll the dice, there is no regularity and numbers from 1 to 6 appear randomly.

However, ordinary computers cannot generate true random numbers.

This is because the computer runs on a program that is a stack of reproducible calculations.

Therefore, when a random number is generated by a computer, it must be replaced with a value called “pseudo-random number” calculated based on some value.

That “some value” is called a seed.

## How to generate a random number

Use the Math.random() function to generate a random number in JavaScript.

Math.random() will generate a floating point pseudo-random number in the range 0 or more and less than 1.

Below is sample code using the Math.random() method.

```
// Sample1
const val = Math.random();
console.log(val);
// Sample2
let array = [];
for (let i=0; i<10; i++) {
array.push(Math.random());
}
console.log(array);
// Sample3
let array = [];
for (let i=0; i<10; i++) {
array.push(Math.floor(Math.random() * 6) + 1);
}
console.log(array);
```